Maritime transport: types of ships depending on the type of cargo
The maritime freight transport consists of an activity through which people or merchandise are transported aboard a vessel by sea. With the rise of aviation, the transport of people by sea has been relegated to small crossings or large cruises. At present, ships are mainly destined for the international transport of goods.
Depending on their capacity and cargo size, they can be classified into bulk carriers, container ships, tanks, refrigerators, rolling cargo, coastal, ferries, cruises and barges.
Bulk vessels are the most appropriate for transporting solid loads such as grains or minerals. Its design favors loading and unloading with cranes. In its cover the surfaces in rectangular form destined for this purpose are clearly distinguished.
Container ships, as their name indicates, are intended for the transport of goods in containers. The majority of the international transport of dry cargo is carried out in this type of vessel.
Tankers or tankers are designed to house crude oil, liquids, chemicals and liquefied gases.
Food and perishable goods are transported on refrigerated vessels.
Those with rolling cargo have ramps and platforms capable of fixing and immobilizing all types of vehicles.
Cabotage ships, also called coastal vessels, are designed to navigate in shallow waters. They can skirt the coast without running aground.
The “ferries” or ferries are intended for the transport of passengers in small crossings and coastal cities. Cruises, however, are dedicated to leisure tourist trips.
Finally, the barges are small and transit rivers and waters with shallow depth.
As can be seen, not all ships are the same or appropriate for all types of merchandise. Thus, maritime transport is embellished with the wide variety of models and designs of its vessels.