Simple but revolutionary. The oldest archives date in about 5,500 years ago the invention of the wheel, although there is no exact agreement on the moment of its birth. Regardless of this fact, its appearance made it one of the fundamental inventions for Humanity. The need to load objects and distribute them between different territories is at the origin of land transport but also of maritime transport and air transport. Currently, fair services and stand transportation at fairs are two concrete examples of the continuing need for this benefit.
In itself, the history of land transport can be understood as the reflection of social evolution. At its dawn, the needs of moving objects and goods from one point to another were aided by the use of animals as a driving force. The dogs at first and larger animals over time became essential elements in land transport. Drawn by horses, cars and errands led to the exchange of all types of raw materials and manufactured products thanks to the establishment of trade routes.
Research and inventive activity subsequently led to the emergence of more modern transport methods: the bicycle gave way to the motorcycle and this, in turn, to the car. In the latter case, the discovery, in 1882, of oil was key. And it is with the First World War that transportation needs are fueled, giving rise to the birth of buses and the great engine industry that exists today. Rail, urban transport, subway or high-speed train are currently social facilities without which no territory could guarantee the supply of food and all kinds of goods and services. Its evolution is part, in itself, of the history of Humanity itself.
Security in the transport of goods, both in maritime transport and in land transport is a priority. In the case of international freight transport, it is also necessary to make sure that the insurance coverage is complete and that it includes assumptions that may be different from country to country (for example, that the entire truck is covered and not just the container, etc.)
The types of existing policies are:
– For trips: they are the policies that cover a certain route (including those made in airplanes and wagons). The duration of the insurance ends when the merchandise arrives at its destination. Goods addressed to a single customer delivered on a single trip are covered, including possible stopovers, transfers, necessary storage on the road and transportation stoppages.
– Open insurance policies: they cover certain goods or merchandise that are directed to a single client, but that are delivered in more than one trip. The entire route of the various necessary trips from the point of departure upon arrival is covered. Also included are the stops, transfers, storage in itinere and the stoppages of the means of transport.
– Floating: these are the policies that cover the transport of different goods or merchandise that are addressed to several clients and that make various trips using a certain time in them. The routes of all the trips necessary for these deliveries are included with the inclusion of the stops and transfers, storage in itinere and stoppages of the means of transport. It is a type of policy that needs certain specifications in the contract.
– Insurance policy “pass”: are the policies that cover a certain capital in a series of variable trips during the insured period. He is usually hired by transport companies to cover their mandatory responsibilities that mark international law.
In short, there are policies for each transport situation.